0.0/5 rating (0 votes)



Sultonova G. A.


The dictionary “Majma-ul-Furs” Sururi Koshoni uses considerable numbers of witness verses by the poets who lived in the 10th century. The relevant verses were evaluated from the dictionary and compared with critical copies, various editions of collection of compositions of poets referring to the mentioned century. Finding out the differences between the texts based on reliable dictionaries, like “Lughati Furs” by Asadi Tusi, “Sihoh-al-Furs” by Muhammad ibn Hindushohi Nakhjuvoni, “Persian Dictionary” by Husayn Vafoi, “Rashidi`s Dictionary” by Abdurrashid Tattavi, the article corrects and edits the witness verses, and reveals their change of meaning. As a result, the scientific and literary value of “Farhangi Sururi”is identified. The result of comparison of texts clarifies that Sururi’s “Majma-ul-Furs” is a reliable literary source, like other famous Persian dictionaries.



“Majma-ul-furs”, dictionaries, witness verses, comparison of copies, critique and correction, versified divan, poetic verse, change of meaning



1.    Asadi Tusi. Furs Dictionary / Introduction, elaboration, commentary, margin, dictionary and catalog by Nurullo Ghiyasov. - Khujand: Nuri Ma’rifat, 2015. - 492 p.

2.    Rudaki's poems of all ages.- Dushanbe: Adib, second edition, 2019.- 480 p.

3.    Wafai Husain. Persian culture / Courtesy of Tang Hu Zhu. - Tehran: Publications of the University of Tehran, 1995. - 279 p.

4.    Collection of poems of Abu Abdullah Ja'far ibn Muhammad Rudaki. Scientific and critical text by Rasul Hadizoda, Ali Mohammadi Khurasani. Dushanbe, 2008. – 612 p.

5.    Collection of Rudaki Samarkandi poems. Based on the version of Said Nafisi / I. Braginsky. - Tehran, 1376. - 217 p.

6.    Muin, Muhammad. Persian dictionary. Vol. 1-4. / Muhammad Muin. - Tehran: Amir Kabir, 1375.

7.    Muhammad Husayni Burhan. Burhan is strict. Dushanbe: Adib, 1993. v. 1-417, v. 2-424, v. 3-397 p.

8.    Nafisi Said. Rudaki's life environment and condition and poems. - Tehran, 1341. - 983 p.

9.    Nakhjuvani, Muhammad ibn Hindushah. Sihah-al-furs. Courtesy of Abdualii Toati. Tehran, 1976. - 343 p.

10.Traces of Rudaki. Edited by Abdulghani Mirzoev. Stalinabad, 1958. - 529 p.

11.Master Rudaki's works. Prepared, edited and foreword by Qadir Rustam. - Khujand: Khorasan, 2019. - 596 p.

12.Saidov S. Critcism in the mirror of culture. Khujand: Andesha, 2011. - 173 p.

13.Sururi, Muhammad Qassim ibn Haji Muhammad Kashani. Majma-ul-furs culture. - To the efforts of Muhammad Dabiri Siyaqi. - 1341, in three volumes. - 1757: volume I-1-500 p., volume II- 500-1000 p., volume III-1000-1757 p. - 1757 p.

14.Tirmidhi, Munjik. Collection of scattered poems.-Tashkent: Yangi nashr, 2016.-120 p.

15.Rashidi dictionary. Abdur Rashid ibn Abdul Ghafur al-Tattawi. According to Muhammad Abbasi, in 2 volumes. - Tehran, 1337.

16.Jahangiri Dictionary. Mir Jamaliddin Husayn Injui Shirozi. Edited by Rahim Afifi, Mashhad, 1351.

17.Qavvos dictionary. Fakhriddin Mubarakshah Qavos of Ghaznavi. Courtesy of Nazir Ahmed. - Tehran, 1353.

18. Commentary on the situation and poems of the poets of Bedovan. Edited by Muhammad Mudabbiri. - Tehran, 1370.-704 p.

Publication date

Friday, 17 November 2023