The article considers the work “Najdiyat” – the second part of the divan of the Seljuk period of Arab poet Abumuzaffar al-Abewardi. In the course of the study of the modern scholars` works, such as Mamduh Haqqi, Muhammad ibn Abdurrahman al-Rubayi’ and J. Stetkevich the reasons that prompted al-Abewardi to give this name to his creative production have been defined. It is mentioned that the rhymes of the qasidas compiled in it embrace almost all the letters of the Arabic alphabet. This fact testifies on behalf of the hypothesis on the artificiality of “Najdiyat”’s gazelles. It is asserted that the poet composed this part of his divan at the request of his friends in imitation to the ancient traditions of the Arabic literature and the theme of Najd being symbolic traces its origin back to Uzra tribe. Appropriate appliance of the Persian words serve as a testimony to high sense of al-Abewardi’s patriotism. Skilful usage of figures of speech and stylistic devices prove that “Najdiyat” indeed contains qasidas created during the period of creative maturity of the poet. It is admitted that the scholarly inquiry of the “Najdiyat” is of great importance in defining the literary value of its poems and their styles.
Abumuzaffar al-Abewardi’s “Iraqiyat” and “Najdiyat”, Najd, Uzro tribe, Mamduh Haqqi, Muhammad ibn Abdurrahman al-Rubayi’, ancient tradition of Arabic literature, figures of speech, Persian words
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