0.0/5 rating (0 votes)

The Issues of Toponymy and Localization of the Capital Cities of Ferghana in Chinese Sources and Modern Historiography

Avtors

Ayubov Abdusalom Raufovich

Abstract

The article is devoted to the issue of localization and toponymy of the ancient capital cities of Ferghana. One of the earliest state associations of Central Asia in the era of antiquity was Davan.  Researchers localize this state in the fertile valley of Central Asia, that of Ferghana.  Davanis first mentioned in early Chinese written sources. In the chronicles of "Beishi" and "Tangsh" Davanis mentioned as Lona or Polona, Bohanna or Bohan, Ninyuan, Taiyuan.  The name "Ferghana" is mentioned by Sogdian sources in the period of the VIII-th – the IX-th centuries.In the early Chinese written originals, the names of only three cities are known - Ershi, Yu-cheng and Guishan. The cities of Ershi and Guishanare are referred to as the capital of Davani.  The first opinion was expressed that during the pre-Kushan period, the capital of Davan was the city of Ershi, and later, in the Kushan period, the capital was transferred to the north of Ferghana, to Koson - the city of Guishan.  According to the author of the article, the city of Ershi - the ancient capital city of Davan - was located on the site of the modern city of Osh, and Yu-chenis identified with the city of Uzgen.  The author also provides information on the localization and toponymy of the cities of Uzgen and Osh. After the time these toponyms reached us in a new form.

Keywords

Ferghana, Davan, Ershi, Guishan, Yu-Chen, Osh, Chinese sources, localization of cities, toponymy

References

1.    Anarbaev A. Capital Cities of Ferghana and their Localization (Antiquity, Early Middle Ages) // Civilization of Herders and farmers in Central Asia. - Samarkand-Bishkek, 2005. - pp. 46-56.

2.    Bartold, V. V., Turkestan in the Epoch of Mongolian Invasion. Compositions. V. I. – M.: Oriental Literature Publishing-House, 1963 – 763 pp.

3.    Bartold V. V. Ferghana. Compositions. - Vol. 3. - M.: Oriental Literature Publishing-House, 1965. – pp. 527-538.

4.    Belyaeva T. V. Khujand Ceramics as a Historical Source // TD "Central Asia and World Civilization". - Tashkent, 1992. – pp. 25-26.

5.    Bernshtam A. N. Aravan Rock Paintings and Davan (Ferghana) Capital Ershi // Soviet Ethnography. - 1948. - Issue. 4. – pp. 155-161.

6.    Bernshtam A. N. Ancient Ferghana. – Tashkent: Publishing House of Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek SSR, 1951. – 49 pp.

7.    Bernshtam A. N. From the History of Eastern Ferghana and Alai: the Concise. Report of the Archaeological Expedition of 1946 // Kyrgyz Filial of the USSR Academy of Sciences. - 1947. - No. 6. – pp. 115-122.

8.    Bichurin N. I. Collection of Information about the Peoples who Inhabited Central Asia in Ancient Times. V. II. – M.-L., 1950. – 354 рp.

9.    Borovkova L. A. The West of Central Asia in the II-nd Century BC – the VII-th Century AD (Historico-Geographical Review of Ancient Chinese Sources). – M., 1989. – 181 pp.

10.    Borovkova L. A. Kingdoms of the "Western Territory" in the II-nd – the I-st Centuries B. V. (Eastern Turkestan and Central Asia according to the Information from "Shi Tsi" and "Han Shu"). - M.: Institute of Oriental Studies under RAS, Kraft+, 2001. – 368 pp.

11.    Gubaeva S. S. Resettlement of Uzbek Tribe skid in the Ferghana Valley in the Late XIX-th - the Early XX-th Century // Onomastics of Central Asia. – Frunze: Science, 1980. – pp. 54 - 59.

12.    Zadneprovsky Yu. A. Dynamics of Development of Settled Agricultural Culture of Ferghana // the Aral Sea Crisis: Historical-Geographical Retrospective. - M., 1991. - pp. 186-190.

13.    Zadneprovsky Yu. A. Review: L. A. Borovkova. The West of Central Asia in the II-nd Century BC – the VII-th Century AD (Historical and geographical overview of the ancient Chinese sources). Moscow, 1989 // the Ancient nomads of Central Asia. – SPb., 1997. - P. 66-73

14.    Zadneprovsky Yu. A. About Metropolitan Centers Davan (the Ancient Ferghana) // Interaction of Cultures and Civilizations (in Honor of the Anniversary of V. M. Masson). - SPb., 2000. – pp. 194-198.

15.    Ibn Khordadbeh. The Book of Ways and Countries / Translation from Arabic, commentaries, research, signs and maps by Nailya Velikanova. - Baku: Science, 1986. - 428 pp.

16.    Cyunner N. V. Chinese News about Peoples of Southern Siberia, Central Asia and the Far East. – M., 1961. – 392р.

17.    Litvinsky B. A. The Problems of Ethnic the History of Ancient and Early Mediaeval Ferghana // History and Culture of the Peoples of Central Asia. – M., 1976. – pp. 122 - 132.

18.    Lurie P. B. Historical and Linguistic Analysis of Sogdian Toponymy. Candidate dissertation in philology - SPb.: Institute of Oriental studies under RAS, SPb branch, 2004. – 305 pp.

19.    Mamitov S. To the Problem of the Etymology of the Word "Osh" // The New in Ancient and Medieval Kyrgyzstan. Vol.2. - Bishkek, 1999. - pp. 76 - 82.

20.    Matbabaev B. The Davan Stateo of Ancient Ferghana // essays on the history of statehood of Uzbekistan. – Tashkent, 2001. – pp. 128 - 135.

21.    Mikhailov A. I. New Epigraphic Data for the History of Central Asia of the IX-th Century. // Ethnography of the Orient. – 1951. – No. 5. - pp. 5-12.

22.    Sogdian Documents from the Mug Mountain. Vol. II. Legal Documents and Letters. Reading, translation and comments by V. A. Livshits. - M.: Publishing house of Oriental literature, 1962. – 224 pp.

23.    Tashbaev K. To the Problem of Localization of the Cities of the Davan State // Civilizations of No­madic Cattle-Breeders and Farmers in Central Asia. - Samarkand-Bishkek, 2005. – pp. 98-112.

24.    Khodzhaev A. Information from Ancient Chinese Sources on the Cities-States of Ferghana (Xishuangbanna Dai) // Materials of the Republican scientific-practical conference "The Great Silk Road and the Ferghana Valley". – Tashkent, 2004. – pp. 50 - 62.

PulleyblankЕ.G. Chinese and Indoeuropean // Jourпal of Royal Asiatic Society of Great Brittan and Ireland. - London, 1966. - pp. 25 - 30.

Publication date

Tuesday, 23 April 2019

Journal’s Indexing

Our friends

Visit website

0686000
Today
Yesterday
This Week
Last Week
This Month
Last Month
All days
654
3436
4090
14067
45373
68375
686000

Today forecast
7584


Your IP:35.171.183.163