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Perfect Tenses in Modern English and Tajik Languages

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Ismatulloev Husenboy Ochilovich

Abstract

The article dwells on perfect tenses of the verb in Modern English and Tajik languages. These two aspectual forms existing in the studied languages indicate to terminated actions in accordance with their meaning. The forms in question have their own opposition in compliance with the category of aspect pointing to an action either accomplished or continuing. In the system of the Tajik language there is no such grammatical category though its approximate patterns can be observed to some extent in a number of certain examples. It is underscored that in the Tajik language there is no special form for expressing continuous perfect inherent in the English language. The form in question is expressed by means of that one natural for narrative mood (sigai nakli), indicative mood and other lexical media.

Keywords

verb, the category of verb, the category of aspect, perfect tense, perfect forms, tense form, the category of time relation,simultaneous actions, preceding action

References

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Publication date

Tuesday, 23 April 2019

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