0.0/5 rating (0 votes)



Mirzoyunys M.


The article studies the life and work of Mullo Qurbonkhon Fitrat. It is noted that Qurbonkhon Fitrat was one of the famous poets of the second half of the 19th century and left a bright literary legacy. His collection of poems (divan) was not composed, but his works were preserved in commentaries (tazkire) and bayaz. The author of the article divides Fitrat’s creative path into two periods; the first period is the period of imitation of Bedil. The examples he gives from this period confirm the imitation of the Indian style. The ghazal with the rhyme "oinaro" is also written in response to Bedil's ghazal and demonstrates his skill in writing replies (nazir). The second period of Fitrat’s work can be called a period of simplicity of style, and folk expressions are mostly used in his poems. The author of the article comes to the conclusion that Qurbonkhon Fitrat was a talented poet of his time, who wrote his poems both in the Indian style and in the style of the common people.


Qurbonkhon Fitrat, commentary (tazkire), bayaz, lyric poem (ghazal), epic poem (qasida), quatrain (rubai), response verses, nazire, rhyme, imitation of Bedil, simplicity of style


1.    Abdy, Abdullokhoja. Tathkirat-ush-shuaro / With correction and introduction of Asghari JonfidoDushanbe, 1983. – 290 pp.

2.    Aini, S. Kulliyot. Yoddoshtho. V.7.Dushanbe: State Publishing House of Tajikistan, 1962. – 906 pp.

3.    Aini, Sadriddin.Modelof TajikLiterature /Edited and ciorrected by Mubasshir Akbarzod.  Dushanbe: Adib, 2010. – 448 pp.

4.    Vozeh Qori Rahmatulloh.Tuhfatu-l-ahbob fi tathkirat-il-ashob / With introduction, edition  and explanation of Jurabek Nazri. – Dushanbe: Donish, 2020. – 284 pp.

5.    Gulshani adab.Models of Poem. Volume 5.Dushanbe: Irfon, 1980. – 464 pp.

6.    Muhtaram, Hoji Nematulloh. Tathkirat-ush-shuaro / Withcorrection and introduction of Asghori Jonfido. – Dushanbe: Donish, 1975. – 369 pp.

7.    Sadri Ziyo. Poems’ Comment / With Efforts of Muhammadjon Shakuri Bukhoroi. – Tehron: Surush, 1380. – 428 pp.

8.    Sadri Ziyo. Mgazine. The reality of the political and social developments of Bukhara during the lower half of the Mangit dynasty based on the daily notes of Sharifjan-Makhdum Sadri Zia - the last governor of Bukhara. /Research of Muhammadjon Shakuri Bukhoroi. – Tehron, 1382. – 500 pp.

9.    Hodizoda R. Tajik Literature in the Second Middle of  Х1Х century. – Dushanbe, 1968. – 295 pp.

10. Jalilova M. Fitrat // Encyclopedia of Tajik Literature and Art. –V. 3. – Dushanbe: Scientific Editor-in-chief ofTajik soviet encyclopedia, 2004. – PP. 288.

11. Shaikh Abdulkodir Karomatullohi Bukhori. Tathkirai Sibok / Edited by M.Otakhonzoda. –Tashkent: Fan, 2007. – 200 pp.

12.Shohin, Shamsiddin. Kulliyot /Edited and ezplained by M.Muhammadi. – Dushanbe: Adib, 2006. – 640 pp.

Publication date

Friday, 17 November 2023