0.0/5 rating (0 votes)

Cultural Space of Outlook Ideas in «Shakhname» by Abulkosim Firdawsi


Atoyev A. M.


The author of the article analyzes the influence of the elements of cultural symbolics related to the greatest Persian-Tajik epos «Shahname» over a formation of the cultural identity of the peoples inhabiting the broad space of the East.

The author lays an emphasis upon the fact that in spite of considerable alterations in the interpretation of symbols and even their recomprehension, a variety of associations rising in connection with the consequences of both actions and characters of protagonists in reference to the understanding of the influence of the place of inhabitance (mountain and vallay) on the character and fate of people; notions of good and evil, in a varying degree these peoples identify themselves with cultural and historic context of Firdawsi`s depiction.

Events and people in the interpretation of Firdawsi symbolize love for Motherland, its nature, complicated intertwining forces of both good and evil, causing either sympathy or antipathy; they make identify themselves with those positive patterns which are elaborated on the grounds of millennium experience.


Just in it the author sees «Shahname» uniqueness, its force in the formation of outlook and identity not only of Iranian peoples, but its preserving influence upon much broader cultural space of the Orient either.


national epos, outlook, cultural space, territory, interpretation, identity


1.      Commentaries to the book: Firdawsi A. Shahname. V.1. – M.: USSR Academy of Sciences, 1974. – 390 pp.

2.      Nitsshe F. Compositions. In 2 volumes. Translation from German; compiler, editor and aurhor of footnotes K. Asyasyan. – M.: Thought, 1990. – 829 pp.

3.      Firdawsi A. Shahname. In 9 volumes. - Dushanbe: Man-of-Letters, 1987 – 1991. – 675 pp.

4.      Firdawsi A. Shahname. V.1. – M.: USSR Academy of Sciences, 1975. – 421 pp.

5.      Shukurov M. «Shahname» by Firdawsi and Early Illustrational Tradition. – M.: Science. 1983. – pp. 80.

6.      Mansoor Rastgar Fasssai. – Farhange Nam’ha’ye Shahnama. 2 vols. – V 1.Tehran: Cultural Studies and Research Institute. Ministry of Culture and Higher Education. 1990. – p. 35.

7. Drawing 1. On page 36. In the book: [Soroush Irfani. – Shakhname: The Other Story \\ Painting the Persian Book of Kingstory. Ancient Text and Modern Images. – London, Cambridge UK, Published by Talking Tree Books. 2010.]


Publication date

Wednesday, 20 January 2016