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Diplomatic Relations of Kokand Khanate with Tsin Empire

Avtors

Tursunov Buston Rakhmonovich

Abstract

The main purpose of the article is to study the complex diplomatic relations between Tsin Empire (1644-1910) and Kokand Khanate (1709 - 1876). It is underscored that diplomatic rela­tions between them were established after the empire had seized Eastern Turkestan in 1759 and increased the danger of China's expansion into Kokand khanate. Initially, Tsin empire did not recognize Kokand as an equal, therefore, most researchers consider Kokand to be a vassal of Tsin empire. The facts that refute the prevailing opinion are given in the article. The author adduces the fact that China annually paid Kokand 200 silver yambs for keeping under house arrest the former rulers of Eastern Turkestan - the Khojagon family. Proceeding from historical sour­ces, the author of the article proves that since the 20-ies of the XIX-th century the situa­tion chan­ged. As a result of the successful military operations of Kokand, Tsin empire was forced not only to reckon with Kokand, but it signed a humiliating agreement on January 23, 1832 either. Since that time, Eastern Turkestan nominally subordinate to China paid taxes to Kokand Khanate.

Keywords

Eastern Turkestan, Tsin empire, Kokand Khanate, the “khojagon” family, refutation of Kokand vassality, Kokand agreement with China, Kokand rulers

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Publication date

Monday, 20 April 2020