Lexicography as the most ancient branch of linguistics deals with the practice and theory of compiling dictionaries. Dictionaries fix the lexical system of the language and cover every word as a special and unique microcosm of the language. Understanding, knowledge, skill and competent use of dictionaries are the most important attributes of general and linguistic culture of each person. Therefore, they play a huge role in linguocultural life of any society. In modern lexicography more than 50 varieties of dictionaries are known among which there are predecessors of translation dictionaries – conversational booklets which occupy a special place. The latters were preceded by thesauri and alphabet books which had similar functional features. Since the XIX-th century these booklets gained wider application and began to be used for educational purposes and as guiding-books. With the acquisition of state sovereignty by the Republic of Tajikistan and the development of tourism, conversational booklets became one of the mostly demanded publications; the fact promoting the development of this lexicographical genre.
dictionary, phrasebook, linguistics, lexical system, interpretation, translation, dictionary unit, function, grammatical outline
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